Wolfram Researchfunctions.wolfram.comOther Wolfram Sites
Search Site
Function CategoriesGraphics GalleryNotationsGeneral IdentitiesAbout This Site ContributeEmail CommentsSign the Guestbook

View Related Information In
The Documentation Center
MathWorld

Download All Formulas For This Function
Mathematica Notebook
PDF File

Download All Introductions For This Function
Mathematica Notebook
PDF File

 

Developed with Mathematica -- Download a Free Trial Version
 











BesselK






Mathematica Notation

Traditional Notation









Bessel-Type Functions > BesselK[nu,z] > Series representations > Asymptotic series expansions > Expansions for any z in exponential form > Using exponential function with branch cut-containing arguments





http://functions.wolfram.com/03.04.06.0047.01









  


  










Input Form





BesselK[\[Nu], z] \[Proportional] ((1/2) Sqrt[Pi/2] Csc[Pi \[Nu]] (E^((I Pi)/4 - I Sqrt[-z^2]) ((-z^2)^\[Nu] - E^(I Pi \[Nu]) z^(2 \[Nu])) (1 + O[1/z]) + E^(-((I Pi)/4) + I Sqrt[-z^2]) (E^(I Pi \[Nu]) (-z^2)^\[Nu] - z^(2 \[Nu])) (1 + O[1/z])))/ (z^\[Nu] (-z^2)^((1 + 2 \[Nu])/4) E^((I Pi \[Nu])/2)) /; (Abs[z] -> Infinity)










Standard Form





Cell[BoxData[RowBox[List[RowBox[List[RowBox[List["BesselK", "[", RowBox[List["\[Nu]", ",", "z"]], "]"]], "\[Proportional]", RowBox[List[FractionBox["1", "2"], " ", " ", SqrtBox[FractionBox["\[Pi]", "2"]], " ", SuperscriptBox["z", RowBox[List["-", "\[Nu]"]]], " ", SuperscriptBox[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["-", SuperscriptBox["z", "2"]]], ")"]], RowBox[List["-", FractionBox[RowBox[List["1", "+", RowBox[List["2", "\[Nu]"]]]], "4"]]]], " ", RowBox[List["Csc", "[", RowBox[List["\[Pi]", " ", "\[Nu]"]], "]"]], SuperscriptBox["\[ExponentialE]", RowBox[List["-", FractionBox[RowBox[List["\[ImaginaryI]", " ", "\[Pi]", " ", "\[Nu]"]], "2"]]]], RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List[RowBox[List[SuperscriptBox["\[ExponentialE]", RowBox[List[FractionBox[RowBox[List["\[ImaginaryI]", " ", "\[Pi]"]], "4"], "-", RowBox[List["\[ImaginaryI]", " ", SqrtBox[RowBox[List["-", SuperscriptBox["z", "2"]]]]]]]]], " ", " ", " ", RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List[SuperscriptBox[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["-", SuperscriptBox["z", "2"]]], ")"]], "\[Nu]"], "-", RowBox[List[SuperscriptBox["\[ExponentialE]", RowBox[List["\[ImaginaryI]", " ", "\[Pi]", " ", "\[Nu]"]]], " ", SuperscriptBox["z", RowBox[List["2", " ", "\[Nu]"]]]]]]], ")"]], " ", RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["1", "+", RowBox[List["O", "[", FractionBox["1", "z"], "]"]]]], ")"]]]], "+", " ", RowBox[List[SuperscriptBox["\[ExponentialE]", RowBox[List[RowBox[List["-", FractionBox[RowBox[List["\[ImaginaryI]", " ", "\[Pi]"]], "4"]]], "+", RowBox[List["\[ImaginaryI]", " ", SqrtBox[RowBox[List["-", SuperscriptBox["z", "2"]]]]]]]]], RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List[RowBox[List[SuperscriptBox["\[ExponentialE]", RowBox[List["\[ImaginaryI]", " ", "\[Pi]", " ", "\[Nu]"]]], " ", SuperscriptBox[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["-", SuperscriptBox["z", "2"]]], ")"]], "\[Nu]"]]], "-", SuperscriptBox["z", RowBox[List["2", " ", "\[Nu]"]]]]], ")"]], " ", RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["1", "+", RowBox[List["O", "[", FractionBox["1", "z"], "]"]]]], ")"]]]]]], ")"]]]]]], "/;", RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List[RowBox[List["Abs", "[", "z", "]"]], "\[Rule]", "\[Infinity]"]], ")"]]]]]]










MathML Form







<math xmlns='http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML' mathematica:form='TraditionalForm' xmlns:mathematica='http://www.wolfram.com/XML/'> <semantics> <mrow> <mrow> <mrow> <msub> <mi> K </mi> <mi> &#957; </mi> </msub> <mo> ( </mo> <mi> z </mi> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> &#8733; </mo> <mrow> <mfrac> <mn> 1 </mn> <mn> 2 </mn> </mfrac> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <msqrt> <mfrac> <mi> &#960; </mi> <mn> 2 </mn> </mfrac> </msqrt> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <msup> <mi> z </mi> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mi> &#957; </mi> </mrow> </msup> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <msup> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <msup> <mi> z </mi> <mn> 2 </mn> </msup> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mrow> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mfrac> <mn> 1 </mn> <mn> 4 </mn> </mfrac> </mrow> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mrow> <mn> 2 </mn> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mi> &#957; </mi> </mrow> <mo> + </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </mrow> </msup> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <mi> csc </mi> <mo> &#8289; </mo> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mi> &#960; </mi> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mi> &#957; </mi> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <msup> <mi> &#8519; </mi> <mrow> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mfrac> <mn> 1 </mn> <mn> 2 </mn> </mfrac> </mrow> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mi> &#8520; </mi> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mi> &#960; </mi> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mi> &#957; </mi> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </mrow> </msup> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mrow> <msup> <mi> &#8519; </mi> <mrow> <mrow> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mfrac> <mn> 1 </mn> <mn> 4 </mn> </mfrac> </mrow> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mi> &#8520; </mi> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mi> &#960; </mi> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </mrow> <mo> + </mo> <mrow> <mi> &#8520; </mi> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <msqrt> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <msup> <mi> z </mi> <mn> 2 </mn> </msup> </mrow> </msqrt> </mrow> </mrow> </msup> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mrow> <msup> <mi> &#8519; </mi> <mrow> <mi> &#8520; </mi> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mi> &#960; </mi> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mi> &#957; </mi> </mrow> </msup> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <msup> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <msup> <mi> z </mi> <mn> 2 </mn> </msup> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mi> &#957; </mi> </msup> </mrow> <mo> - </mo> <msup> <mi> z </mi> <mrow> <mn> 2 </mn> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mi> &#957; </mi> </mrow> </msup> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mn> 1 </mn> <mo> + </mo> <mrow> <mi> O </mi> <mo> &#8289; </mo> <mo> ( </mo> <mfrac> <mn> 1 </mn> <mi> z </mi> </mfrac> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </mrow> <mo> + </mo> <mrow> <msup> <mi> &#8519; </mi> <mrow> <mfrac> <mrow> <mi> &#8520; </mi> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mi> &#960; </mi> </mrow> <mn> 4 </mn> </mfrac> <mo> - </mo> <mrow> <mi> &#8520; </mi> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <msqrt> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <msup> <mi> z </mi> <mn> 2 </mn> </msup> </mrow> </msqrt> </mrow> </mrow> </msup> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <msup> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <msup> <mi> z </mi> <mn> 2 </mn> </msup> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mi> &#957; </mi> </msup> <mo> - </mo> <mrow> <msup> <mi> &#8519; </mi> <mrow> <mi> &#8520; </mi> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mi> &#960; </mi> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mi> &#957; </mi> </mrow> </msup> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <msup> <mi> z </mi> <mrow> <mn> 2 </mn> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mi> &#957; </mi> </mrow> </msup> </mrow> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mn> 1 </mn> <mo> + </mo> <mrow> <mi> O </mi> <mo> &#8289; </mo> <mo> ( </mo> <mfrac> <mn> 1 </mn> <mi> z </mi> </mfrac> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </mrow> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </mrow> </mrow> <mo> /; </mo> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mrow> <semantics> <mo> &#10072; </mo> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> &quot;\[LeftBracketingBar]&quot; </annotation> </semantics> <mi> z </mi> <semantics> <mo> &#10072; </mo> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> &quot;\[RightBracketingBar]&quot; </annotation> </semantics> </mrow> <semantics> <mo> &#8594; </mo> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> &quot;\[Rule]&quot; </annotation> </semantics> <mi> &#8734; </mi> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </mrow> <annotation-xml encoding='MathML-Content'> <apply> <ci> Condition </ci> <apply> <ci> Proportional </ci> <apply> <ci> BesselK </ci> <ci> &#957; </ci> <ci> z </ci> </apply> <apply> <times /> <cn type='rational'> 1 <sep /> 2 </cn> <apply> <power /> <apply> <times /> <pi /> <apply> <power /> <cn type='integer'> 2 </cn> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> <cn type='rational'> 1 <sep /> 2 </cn> </apply> <apply> <power /> <ci> z </ci> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <ci> &#957; </ci> </apply> </apply> <apply> <power /> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <apply> <power /> <ci> z </ci> <cn type='integer'> 2 </cn> </apply> </apply> <apply> <times /> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <cn type='rational'> 1 <sep /> 4 </cn> </apply> <apply> <plus /> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> 2 </cn> <ci> &#957; </ci> </apply> <cn type='integer'> 1 </cn> </apply> </apply> </apply> <apply> <csc /> <apply> <times /> <pi /> <ci> &#957; </ci> </apply> </apply> <apply> <power /> <exponentiale /> <apply> <times /> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <cn type='rational'> 1 <sep /> 2 </cn> </apply> <apply> <times /> <imaginaryi /> <pi /> <ci> &#957; </ci> </apply> </apply> </apply> <apply> <plus /> <apply> <times /> <apply> <power /> <exponentiale /> <apply> <plus /> <apply> <times /> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <cn type='rational'> 1 <sep /> 4 </cn> </apply> <apply> <times /> <imaginaryi /> <pi /> </apply> </apply> <apply> <times /> <imaginaryi /> <apply> <power /> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <apply> <power /> <ci> z </ci> <cn type='integer'> 2 </cn> </apply> </apply> <cn type='rational'> 1 <sep /> 2 </cn> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> <apply> <plus /> <apply> <times /> <apply> <power /> <exponentiale /> <apply> <times /> <imaginaryi /> <pi /> <ci> &#957; </ci> </apply> </apply> <apply> <power /> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <apply> <power /> <ci> z </ci> <cn type='integer'> 2 </cn> </apply> </apply> <ci> &#957; </ci> </apply> </apply> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <apply> <power /> <ci> z </ci> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> 2 </cn> <ci> &#957; </ci> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> <apply> <plus /> <cn type='integer'> 1 </cn> <apply> <ci> O </ci> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> 1 </cn> <apply> <power /> <ci> z </ci> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> <apply> <times /> <apply> <power /> <exponentiale /> <apply> <plus /> <apply> <times /> <imaginaryi /> <pi /> <apply> <power /> <cn type='integer'> 4 </cn> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <apply> <times /> <imaginaryi /> <apply> <power /> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <apply> <power /> <ci> z </ci> <cn type='integer'> 2 </cn> </apply> </apply> <cn type='rational'> 1 <sep /> 2 </cn> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> <apply> <plus /> <apply> <power /> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <apply> <power /> <ci> z </ci> <cn type='integer'> 2 </cn> </apply> </apply> <ci> &#957; </ci> </apply> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <apply> <times /> <apply> <power /> <exponentiale /> <apply> <times /> <imaginaryi /> <pi /> <ci> &#957; </ci> </apply> </apply> <apply> <power /> <ci> z </ci> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> 2 </cn> <ci> &#957; </ci> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> <apply> <plus /> <cn type='integer'> 1 </cn> <apply> <ci> O </ci> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> 1 </cn> <apply> <power /> <ci> z </ci> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> <apply> <ci> Rule </ci> <apply> <abs /> <ci> z </ci> </apply> <infinity /> </apply> </apply> </annotation-xml> </semantics> </math>










Rule Form





Cell[BoxData[RowBox[List[RowBox[List["HoldPattern", "[", RowBox[List["BesselK", "[", RowBox[List["\[Nu]_", ",", "z_"]], "]"]], "]"]], "\[RuleDelayed]", RowBox[List[RowBox[List[FractionBox["1", "2"], " ", SqrtBox[FractionBox["\[Pi]", "2"]], " ", SuperscriptBox["z", RowBox[List["-", "\[Nu]"]]], " ", SuperscriptBox[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["-", SuperscriptBox["z", "2"]]], ")"]], RowBox[List[RowBox[List["-", FractionBox["1", "4"]]], " ", RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["1", "+", RowBox[List["2", " ", "\[Nu]"]]]], ")"]]]]], " ", RowBox[List["Csc", "[", RowBox[List["\[Pi]", " ", "\[Nu]"]], "]"]], " ", SuperscriptBox["\[ExponentialE]", RowBox[List[RowBox[List["-", FractionBox["1", "2"]]], " ", RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["\[ImaginaryI]", " ", "\[Pi]", " ", "\[Nu]"]], ")"]]]]], " ", RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List[RowBox[List[SuperscriptBox["\[ExponentialE]", RowBox[List[FractionBox[RowBox[List["\[ImaginaryI]", " ", "\[Pi]"]], "4"], "-", RowBox[List["\[ImaginaryI]", " ", SqrtBox[RowBox[List["-", SuperscriptBox["z", "2"]]]]]]]]], " ", RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List[SuperscriptBox[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["-", SuperscriptBox["z", "2"]]], ")"]], "\[Nu]"], "-", RowBox[List[SuperscriptBox["\[ExponentialE]", RowBox[List["\[ImaginaryI]", " ", "\[Pi]", " ", "\[Nu]"]]], " ", SuperscriptBox["z", RowBox[List["2", " ", "\[Nu]"]]]]]]], ")"]], " ", RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["1", "+", RowBox[List["O", "[", FractionBox["1", "z"], "]"]]]], ")"]]]], "+", RowBox[List[SuperscriptBox["\[ExponentialE]", RowBox[List[RowBox[List[RowBox[List["-", FractionBox["1", "4"]]], " ", RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["\[ImaginaryI]", " ", "\[Pi]"]], ")"]]]], "+", RowBox[List["\[ImaginaryI]", " ", SqrtBox[RowBox[List["-", SuperscriptBox["z", "2"]]]]]]]]], " ", RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List[RowBox[List[SuperscriptBox["\[ExponentialE]", RowBox[List["\[ImaginaryI]", " ", "\[Pi]", " ", "\[Nu]"]]], " ", SuperscriptBox[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["-", SuperscriptBox["z", "2"]]], ")"]], "\[Nu]"]]], "-", SuperscriptBox["z", RowBox[List["2", " ", "\[Nu]"]]]]], ")"]], " ", RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["1", "+", RowBox[List["O", "[", FractionBox["1", "z"], "]"]]]], ")"]]]]]], ")"]]]], "/;", RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List[RowBox[List["Abs", "[", "z", "]"]], "\[Rule]", "\[Infinity]"]], ")"]]]]]]]]










Date Added to functions.wolfram.com (modification date)





2007-05-02





© 1998-2014 Wolfram Research, Inc.