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 ArcCos

 http://functions.wolfram.com/01.13.16.0176.01

 Input Form

 ArcCos[x] - ArcCsc[y] == -ArcCos[(-1)^Floor[1/2 - Arg[Sqrt[1 - x^2] Sqrt[1 - 1/y^2] - x/y]/Pi] ((-x) Sqrt[1 - 1/y^2] - Sqrt[1 - x^2]/y)] - (1/2) Pi (-3 + (-1)^Floor[1/2 - Arg[Sqrt[1 - x^2] Sqrt[1 - 1/y^2] - x/y]/ Pi] + 2 (-1 + (-1)^Floor[1/2 - Arg[Sqrt[1 - x^2] Sqrt[1 - 1/y^2] - x/y]/Pi]) Floor[(Arg[(-I) x + Sqrt[1 - x^2]] + Arg[Sqrt[1 - 1/y^2] - I/y])/ (2 Pi)] + 2 (1 + (-1)^Floor[1/2 - Arg[Sqrt[1 - x^2] Sqrt[1 - 1/y^2] - x/y]/Pi]) Floor[1/2 - (Arg[(-I) x + Sqrt[1 - x^2]] + Arg[Sqrt[1 - 1/y^2] - I/y])/ (2 Pi)])

 Standard Form

 Cell[BoxData[RowBox[List[" ", RowBox[List[RowBox[List[RowBox[List["ArcCos", "[", "x", "]"]], "-", RowBox[List["ArcCsc", "[", "y", "]"]]]], "\[Equal]", RowBox[List[RowBox[List["-", RowBox[List["ArcCos", "[", RowBox[List[SuperscriptBox[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["-", "1"]], ")"]], RowBox[List["Floor", "[", RowBox[List[FractionBox["1", "2"], "-", FractionBox[RowBox[List["Arg", "[", RowBox[List[RowBox[List[SqrtBox[RowBox[List["1", "-", SuperscriptBox["x", "2"]]]], " ", SqrtBox[RowBox[List["1", "-", FractionBox["1", SuperscriptBox["y", "2"]]]]]]], "-", FractionBox["x", "y"]]], "]"]], "\[Pi]"]]], "]"]]], " ", RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List[RowBox[List[RowBox[List["-", "x"]], " ", SqrtBox[RowBox[List["1", "-", FractionBox["1", SuperscriptBox["y", "2"]]]]]]], "-", FractionBox[SqrtBox[RowBox[List["1", "-", SuperscriptBox["x", "2"]]]], "y"]]], ")"]]]], "]"]]]], "-", RowBox[List[FractionBox["1", "2"], " ", "\[Pi]", " ", RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List[RowBox[List["-", "3"]], "+", SuperscriptBox[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["-", "1"]], ")"]], RowBox[List["Floor", "[", RowBox[List[FractionBox["1", "2"], "-", FractionBox[RowBox[List["Arg", "[", RowBox[List[RowBox[List[SqrtBox[RowBox[List["1", "-", SuperscriptBox["x", "2"]]]], " ", SqrtBox[RowBox[List["1", "-", FractionBox["1", SuperscriptBox["y", "2"]]]]]]], "-", FractionBox["x", "y"]]], "]"]], "\[Pi]"]]], "]"]]], "+", RowBox[List["2", " ", RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List[RowBox[List["-", "1"]], "+", SuperscriptBox[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["-", "1"]], ")"]], RowBox[List["Floor", "[", RowBox[List[FractionBox["1", "2"], "-", FractionBox[RowBox[List["Arg", "[", RowBox[List[RowBox[List[SqrtBox[RowBox[List["1", "-", SuperscriptBox["x", "2"]]]], " ", SqrtBox[RowBox[List["1", "-", FractionBox["1", SuperscriptBox["y", "2"]]]]]]], "-", FractionBox["x", "y"]]], "]"]], "\[Pi]"]]], "]"]]]]], ")"]], " ", RowBox[List["Floor", "[", FractionBox[RowBox[List[RowBox[List["Arg", "[", RowBox[List[RowBox[List[RowBox[List["-", "\[ImaginaryI]"]], " ", "x"]], "+", SqrtBox[RowBox[List["1", "-", SuperscriptBox["x", "2"]]]]]], "]"]], "+", RowBox[List["Arg", "[", RowBox[List[SqrtBox[RowBox[List["1", "-", FractionBox["1", SuperscriptBox["y", "2"]]]]], "-", FractionBox["\[ImaginaryI]", "y"]]], "]"]]]], RowBox[List["2", " ", "\[Pi]"]]], "]"]]]], "+", RowBox[List["2", " ", RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["1", "+", SuperscriptBox[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["-", "1"]], ")"]], RowBox[List["Floor", "[", RowBox[List[FractionBox["1", "2"], "-", FractionBox[RowBox[List["Arg", "[", RowBox[List[RowBox[List[SqrtBox[RowBox[List["1", "-", SuperscriptBox["x", "2"]]]], " ", SqrtBox[RowBox[List["1", "-", FractionBox["1", SuperscriptBox["y", "2"]]]]]]], "-", FractionBox["x", "y"]]], "]"]], "\[Pi]"]]], "]"]]]]], ")"]], " ", RowBox[List["Floor", "[", RowBox[List[FractionBox["1", "2"], "-", FractionBox[RowBox[List[RowBox[List["Arg", "[", RowBox[List[RowBox[List[RowBox[List["-", "\[ImaginaryI]"]], " ", "x"]], "+", SqrtBox[RowBox[List["1", "-", SuperscriptBox["x", "2"]]]]]], "]"]], "+", RowBox[List["Arg", "[", RowBox[List[SqrtBox[RowBox[List["1", "-", FractionBox["1", SuperscriptBox["y", "2"]]]]], "-", FractionBox["\[ImaginaryI]", "y"]]], "]"]]]], RowBox[List["2", " ", "\[Pi]"]]]]], "]"]]]]]], ")"]]]]]]]]]]]]

 MathML Form

 cos - 1 ( x ) - csc - 1 ( y ) - cos - 1 ( ( - 1 ) 1 2 - arg ( 1 - x 2 1 - 1 y 2 - x y ) π ( - x 1 - 1 y 2 - 1 - x 2 y ) ) - 1 2 π ( 2 ( - 1 + ( - 1 ) 1 2 - arg ( 1 - x 2 1 - 1 y 2 - x y ) π ) arg ( 1 - x 2 - x ) + arg ( 1 - 1 y 2 - y ) 2 π + ( - 1 ) 1 2 - arg ( 1 - x 2 1 - 1 y 2 - x y ) π + 2 ( 1 + ( - 1 ) 1 2 - arg ( 1 - x 2 1 - 1 y 2 - x y ) π ) 1 2 - arg ( 1 - x 2 - x ) + arg ( 1 - 1 y 2 - y ) 2 π - 3 ) x -1 y -1 -1 1 2 -1 1 -1 x 2 1 2 1 -1 1 y 2 -1 1 2 -1 x y -1 -1 -1 x 1 -1 1 y 2 -1 1 2 -1 1 -1 x 2 1 2 y -1 -1 1 2 2 -1 -1 1 2 -1 1 -1 x 2 1 2 1 -1 1 y 2 -1 1 2 -1 x y -1 -1 1 -1 x 2 1 2 -1 x 1 -1 1 y 2 -1 1 2 -1 y -1 2 -1 -1 1 2 -1 1 -1 x 2 1 2 1 -1 1 y 2 -1 1 2 -1 x y -1 -1 2 1 -1 1 2 -1 1 -1 x 2 1 2 1 -1 1 y 2 -1 1 2 -1 x y -1 -1 1 2 -1 1 -1 x 2 1 2 -1 x 1 -1 1 y 2 -1 1 2 -1 y -1 2 -1 -3 [/itex]

 Rule Form

 Cell[BoxData[RowBox[List[RowBox[List["HoldPattern", "[", RowBox[List[RowBox[List["ArcCos", "[", "x_", "]"]], "-", RowBox[List["ArcCsc", "[", "y_", "]"]]]], "]"]], "\[RuleDelayed]", RowBox[List[RowBox[List["-", RowBox[List["ArcCos", "[", RowBox[List[SuperscriptBox[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["-", "1"]], ")"]], RowBox[List["Floor", "[", RowBox[List[FractionBox["1", "2"], "-", FractionBox[RowBox[List["Arg", "[", RowBox[List[RowBox[List[SqrtBox[RowBox[List["1", "-", SuperscriptBox["x", "2"]]]], " ", SqrtBox[RowBox[List["1", "-", FractionBox["1", SuperscriptBox["y", "2"]]]]]]], "-", FractionBox["x", "y"]]], "]"]], "\[Pi]"]]], "]"]]], " ", RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List[RowBox[List[RowBox[List["-", "x"]], " ", SqrtBox[RowBox[List["1", "-", FractionBox["1", SuperscriptBox["y", "2"]]]]]]], "-", FractionBox[SqrtBox[RowBox[List["1", "-", SuperscriptBox["x", "2"]]]], "y"]]], ")"]]]], "]"]]]], "-", RowBox[List[FractionBox["1", "2"], " ", "\[Pi]", " ", RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List[RowBox[List["-", "3"]], "+", SuperscriptBox[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["-", "1"]], ")"]], RowBox[List["Floor", "[", RowBox[List[FractionBox["1", "2"], "-", FractionBox[RowBox[List["Arg", "[", RowBox[List[RowBox[List[SqrtBox[RowBox[List["1", "-", SuperscriptBox["x", "2"]]]], " ", SqrtBox[RowBox[List["1", "-", FractionBox["1", SuperscriptBox["y", "2"]]]]]]], "-", FractionBox["x", "y"]]], "]"]], "\[Pi]"]]], "]"]]], "+", RowBox[List["2", " ", RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List[RowBox[List["-", "1"]], "+", SuperscriptBox[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["-", "1"]], ")"]], RowBox[List["Floor", "[", RowBox[List[FractionBox["1", "2"], "-", FractionBox[RowBox[List["Arg", "[", RowBox[List[RowBox[List[SqrtBox[RowBox[List["1", "-", SuperscriptBox["x", "2"]]]], " ", SqrtBox[RowBox[List["1", "-", FractionBox["1", SuperscriptBox["y", "2"]]]]]]], "-", FractionBox["x", "y"]]], "]"]], "\[Pi]"]]], "]"]]]]], ")"]], " ", RowBox[List["Floor", "[", FractionBox[RowBox[List[RowBox[List["Arg", "[", RowBox[List[RowBox[List[RowBox[List["-", "\[ImaginaryI]"]], " ", "x"]], "+", SqrtBox[RowBox[List["1", "-", SuperscriptBox["x", "2"]]]]]], "]"]], "+", RowBox[List["Arg", "[", RowBox[List[SqrtBox[RowBox[List["1", "-", FractionBox["1", SuperscriptBox["y", "2"]]]]], "-", FractionBox["\[ImaginaryI]", "y"]]], "]"]]]], RowBox[List["2", " ", "\[Pi]"]]], "]"]]]], "+", RowBox[List["2", " ", RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["1", "+", SuperscriptBox[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["-", "1"]], ")"]], RowBox[List["Floor", "[", RowBox[List[FractionBox["1", "2"], "-", FractionBox[RowBox[List["Arg", "[", RowBox[List[RowBox[List[SqrtBox[RowBox[List["1", "-", SuperscriptBox["x", "2"]]]], " ", SqrtBox[RowBox[List["1", "-", FractionBox["1", SuperscriptBox["y", "2"]]]]]]], "-", FractionBox["x", "y"]]], "]"]], "\[Pi]"]]], "]"]]]]], ")"]], " ", RowBox[List["Floor", "[", RowBox[List[FractionBox["1", "2"], "-", FractionBox[RowBox[List[RowBox[List["Arg", "[", RowBox[List[RowBox[List[RowBox[List["-", "\[ImaginaryI]"]], " ", "x"]], "+", SqrtBox[RowBox[List["1", "-", SuperscriptBox["x", "2"]]]]]], "]"]], "+", RowBox[List["Arg", "[", RowBox[List[SqrtBox[RowBox[List["1", "-", FractionBox["1", SuperscriptBox["y", "2"]]]]], "-", FractionBox["\[ImaginaryI]", "y"]]], "]"]]]], RowBox[List["2", " ", "\[Pi]"]]]]], "]"]]]]]], ")"]]]]]]]]]]

 Date Added to functions.wolfram.com (modification date)

 2007-05-02