On the real axis The function along the real axis. is real‐valued for arguments from the interval . The functions along the real axis. Outside the interval the function has a constant real part () and a nonvanishing imaginary part. The left graphic shows and the right graphic shows . At , the function has square root branch points. The absolute value and the argument of along the real axis. The left graphic shows and the right graphic shows . For , the argument is piecewise constant. On the real axis at infinity The function along the real axis. The left graphic shows and the right graphic shows . At , the function has a logarithmic singularity. The absolute value and the argument of along the real axis. The left graphic shows and the right graphic shows . For , the argument of is piecewise constant. On the imaginary axes The real part and the imaginary part of along the imaginary axis. The left graphic shows and the right graphic shows . Along the imaginary axis, is purely imaginary and its absolute value is logarithmically increasing. The absolute value and the argument of along the imaginary axis. The left graphic shows and the right graphic shows . Because is purely imaginary on the imaginary axis, the argument is piecewise constant. On the imaginary axis at infinity The function along the imaginary axis. The left graphic shows and the right graphic shows . At , the function has a logarithmic singularity. The absolute value and the argument of along the imaginary axis. The left graphic shows and the right graphic shows . On the unit circle The real part and the imaginary part on the unit circle. The left graphic shows and the right graphic shows . The absolute value and the argument on the unit circle. The left graphic shows and the right graphic shows .
