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Cos






Mathematica Notation

Traditional Notation









Elementary Functions > Cos[z] > Transformations > Half-angle formulas





http://functions.wolfram.com/01.07.16.0088.01









  


  










Input Form





Cos[z/2] == (-1)^Floor[(Pi + Re[z])/(2 Pi)] Sqrt[(1 + Cos[z])/2] (1 - (1 + (-1)^(Floor[-((Pi + Re[z])/(2 Pi))] + Floor[(Pi + Re[z])/(2 Pi)])) UnitStep[-Im[z]])










Standard Form





Cell[BoxData[RowBox[List[RowBox[List["Cos", "[", FractionBox["z", "2"], "]"]], "\[Equal]", RowBox[List[SuperscriptBox[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["-", "1"]], ")"]], RowBox[List["Floor", "[", FractionBox[RowBox[List["\[Pi]", "+", RowBox[List["Re", "[", "z", "]"]]]], RowBox[List["2", " ", "\[Pi]"]]], "]"]]], " ", SqrtBox[FractionBox[RowBox[List["1", "+", RowBox[List["Cos", "[", "z", "]"]]]], "2"]], " ", RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["1", "-", RowBox[List[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["1", "+", SuperscriptBox[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["-", "1"]], ")"]], RowBox[List[RowBox[List["Floor", "[", RowBox[List["-", FractionBox[RowBox[List["\[Pi]", "+", RowBox[List["Re", "[", "z", "]"]]]], RowBox[List["2", " ", "\[Pi]"]]]]], "]"]], "+", RowBox[List["Floor", "[", FractionBox[RowBox[List["\[Pi]", "+", RowBox[List["Re", "[", "z", "]"]]]], RowBox[List["2", " ", "\[Pi]"]]], "]"]]]]]]], ")"]], " ", RowBox[List["UnitStep", "[", RowBox[List["-", RowBox[List["Im", "[", "z", "]"]]]], "]"]]]]]], ")"]]]]]]]]










MathML Form







<math xmlns='http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML' mathematica:form='TraditionalForm' xmlns:mathematica='http://www.wolfram.com/XML/'> <semantics> <mrow> <mrow> <mi> cos </mi> <mo> &#8289; </mo> <mo> ( </mo> <mfrac> <mi> z </mi> <mn> 2 </mn> </mfrac> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> &#10869; </mo> <mrow> <msup> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mrow> <mo> &#8970; </mo> <mfrac> <mrow> <mrow> <mi> Re </mi> <mo> &#8289; </mo> <mo> ( </mo> <mi> z </mi> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> + </mo> <mi> &#960; </mi> </mrow> <mrow> <mn> 2 </mn> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mi> &#960; </mi> </mrow> </mfrac> <mo> &#8971; </mo> </mrow> </msup> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <msqrt> <mfrac> <mrow> <mn> 1 </mn> <mo> + </mo> <mrow> <mi> cos </mi> <mo> &#8289; </mo> <mo> ( </mo> <mi> z </mi> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </mrow> <mn> 2 </mn> </mfrac> </msqrt> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mn> 1 </mn> <mo> - </mo> <mrow> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mn> 1 </mn> <mo> + </mo> <msup> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mrow> <mrow> <mo> &#8970; </mo> <mfrac> <mrow> <mrow> <mi> Re </mi> <mo> &#8289; </mo> <mo> ( </mo> <mi> z </mi> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> + </mo> <mi> &#960; </mi> </mrow> <mrow> <mn> 2 </mn> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mi> &#960; </mi> </mrow> </mfrac> <mo> &#8971; </mo> </mrow> <mo> + </mo> <mrow> <mo> &#8970; </mo> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mfrac> <mrow> <mrow> <mi> Re </mi> <mo> &#8289; </mo> <mo> ( </mo> <mi> z </mi> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> + </mo> <mi> &#960; </mi> </mrow> <mrow> <mn> 2 </mn> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mi> &#960; </mi> </mrow> </mfrac> </mrow> <mo> &#8971; </mo> </mrow> </mrow> </msup> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <mi> &#952; </mi> <mo> &#8289; </mo> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mrow> <mi> Im </mi> <mo> &#8289; </mo> <mo> ( </mo> <mi> z </mi> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </mrow> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </mrow> </mrow> <annotation-xml encoding='MathML-Content'> <apply> <eq /> <apply> <cos /> <apply> <times /> <ci> z </ci> <apply> <power /> <cn type='integer'> 2 </cn> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> </apply> <apply> <times /> <apply> <power /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <apply> <floor /> <apply> <times /> <apply> <plus /> <apply> <real /> <ci> z </ci> </apply> <pi /> </apply> <apply> <power /> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> 2 </cn> <pi /> </apply> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> <apply> <power /> <apply> <times /> <apply> <plus /> <cn type='integer'> 1 </cn> <apply> <cos /> <ci> z </ci> </apply> </apply> <apply> <power /> <cn type='integer'> 2 </cn> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> <cn type='rational'> 1 <sep /> 2 </cn> </apply> <apply> <plus /> <cn type='integer'> 1 </cn> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <apply> <times /> <apply> <plus /> <cn type='integer'> 1 </cn> <apply> <power /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <apply> <plus /> <apply> <floor /> <apply> <times /> <apply> <plus /> <apply> <real /> <ci> z </ci> </apply> <pi /> </apply> <apply> <power /> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> 2 </cn> <pi /> </apply> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> </apply> <apply> <floor /> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <apply> <times /> <apply> <plus /> <apply> <real /> <ci> z </ci> </apply> <pi /> </apply> <apply> <power /> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> 2 </cn> <pi /> </apply> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> <apply> <ci> &#952; </ci> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <apply> <imaginary /> <ci> z </ci> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </annotation-xml> </semantics> </math>










Rule Form





Cell[BoxData[RowBox[List[RowBox[List["HoldPattern", "[", RowBox[List["Cos", "[", FractionBox["z_", "2"], "]"]], "]"]], "\[RuleDelayed]", RowBox[List[SuperscriptBox[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["-", "1"]], ")"]], RowBox[List["Floor", "[", FractionBox[RowBox[List["\[Pi]", "+", RowBox[List["Re", "[", "z", "]"]]]], RowBox[List["2", " ", "\[Pi]"]]], "]"]]], " ", SqrtBox[RowBox[List[FractionBox["1", "2"], " ", RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["1", "+", RowBox[List["Cos", "[", "z", "]"]]]], ")"]]]]], " ", RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["1", "-", RowBox[List[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["1", "+", SuperscriptBox[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["-", "1"]], ")"]], RowBox[List[RowBox[List["Floor", "[", RowBox[List["-", FractionBox[RowBox[List["\[Pi]", "+", RowBox[List["Re", "[", "z", "]"]]]], RowBox[List["2", " ", "\[Pi]"]]]]], "]"]], "+", RowBox[List["Floor", "[", FractionBox[RowBox[List["\[Pi]", "+", RowBox[List["Re", "[", "z", "]"]]]], RowBox[List["2", " ", "\[Pi]"]]], "]"]]]]]]], ")"]], " ", RowBox[List["UnitStep", "[", RowBox[List["-", RowBox[List["Im", "[", "z", "]"]]]], "]"]]]]]], ")"]]]]]]]]










Date Added to functions.wolfram.com (modification date)





2001-10-29