Operations carried out by specialized Mathematica functions Series expansions Calculating the series expansion of a cosine function to hundreds of terms can be done in seconds. Mathematica comes with the add‐on package DiscreteMath`RSolve` that allows finding the general terms of the series for many functions. After loading this package, and using the package function SeriesTerm, the following term of can be evaluated. This result can be checked by the following process. Differentiation Mathematica can evaluate derivatives of the cosine function of an arbitrary positive integer order. Finite summation Mathematica can calculate finite symbolic sums that contain the cosine function. Here are some examples. Infinite summation Mathematica can calculate infinite sums including the cosine function. Here are some examples. Finite products Mathematica can calculate some finite symbolic products that contain the cosine function. Here is an example. Indefinite integration Mathematica can calculate a huge number of doable indefinite integrals that contain the cosine function. Here are some examples. Definite integration Mathematica can calculate wide classes of definite integrals that contain the cosine function. Here are some examples. Limit operation Mathematica can calculate limits that contain the cosine function. Here are some examples. Solving equations The next inputs solve two equations that contain the cosine function. Because of the multivalued nature of the inverse cosine function, a printed message indicates that only some of the possible solutions are returned. A complete solution of the previous equation can be obtained using the function Reduce. Solving differential equations Here are differential equations whose linear independent solutions include the cosine function. The solutions of the simplest secondorder linear ordinary differential equation with constant coefficients can be represented using and . In the last input, the differential equation was solved for . If the argument is suppressed, the result is returned as a pure function (in the sense of the ‐calculus). The advantage of such a pure function is that it can be used for different arguments, derivatives, and more. In carrying out the algorithm to solve the following nonlinear differential equation, Mathematica has to solve a transcendental equation. In doing so, the generically multivariate inverse of a function is encountered, and a message is issued that a solution branch is potentially missed. Integral transforms Mathematica supports the main integral transforms like direct and inverse Fourier, Laplace, and Z transforms that can give results that contain classical or generalized functions. Plotting Mathematica has built‐in functions for 2D and 3D graphics. Here are some examples.
