Wolfram Researchfunctions.wolfram.comOther Wolfram Sites
Search Site
Function CategoriesGraphics GalleryNotationsGeneral IdentitiesAbout This Site ContributeEmail CommentsSign the Guestbook

View Related Information In
The Documentation Center
MathWorld

Download All Formulas For This Function
Mathematica Notebook
PDF File

Download All Introductions For This Function
Mathematica Notebook
PDF File

 

Developed with Mathematica -- Download a Free Trial Version
 











variants of this functions
PolyGamma






Mathematica Notation

Traditional Notation









Gamma, Beta, Erf > PolyGamma[nu,z] > Specific values > Specialized values > For fixed nu





http://functions.wolfram.com/06.15.03.0010.01









  


  










Input Form





PolyGamma[-n, 1] == (1/(n - 1)!) (((n - 1) EulerGamma)/n + PolyGamma[n] + Sum[Binomial[n - 1, k] (Sum[(-1)^j Binomial[k, j] PolyGamma[k - j + 1] Zeta[j - k, 2], {j, 1, k}] - PolyGamma[1 + k]), {k, 0, n - 1}] - Sum[Binomial[n - 1, k] Derivative[1][Zeta][-k], {k, 0, n - 2}]) /; Element[n, Integers] && n > 0










Standard Form





Cell[BoxData[RowBox[List[RowBox[List[RowBox[List["PolyGamma", "[", RowBox[List[RowBox[List["-", "n"]], ",", "1"]], "]"]], "\[Equal]", RowBox[List[FractionBox["1", RowBox[List[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["n", "-", "1"]], ")"]], "!"]]], " ", RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List[FractionBox[RowBox[List[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["n", "-", "1"]], ")"]], "EulerGamma"]], "n"], "+", RowBox[List["PolyGamma", "[", "n", "]"]], "+", RowBox[List[UnderoverscriptBox["\[Sum]", RowBox[List["k", "=", "0"]], RowBox[List["n", "-", "1"]]], RowBox[List[RowBox[List["Binomial", "[", RowBox[List[RowBox[List["n", "-", "1"]], ",", "k"]], "]"]], RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List[RowBox[List[UnderoverscriptBox["\[Sum]", RowBox[List["j", "=", "1"]], "k"], RowBox[List[SuperscriptBox[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["-", "1"]], ")"]], "j"], RowBox[List["Binomial", "[", RowBox[List["k", ",", "j"]], "]"]], " ", RowBox[List["PolyGamma", "[", RowBox[List["k", "-", "j", "+", "1"]], "]"]], " ", RowBox[List["Zeta", "[", RowBox[List[RowBox[List["j", "-", "k"]], ",", "2"]], "]"]]]]]], "-", " ", RowBox[List["PolyGamma", "[", RowBox[List["1", "+", "k"]], "]"]]]], ")"]]]]]], "-", RowBox[List[UnderoverscriptBox["\[Sum]", RowBox[List["k", "=", "0"]], RowBox[List["n", "-", "2"]]], RowBox[List[RowBox[List["Binomial", "[", RowBox[List[RowBox[List["n", "-", "1"]], ",", "k"]], "]"]], " ", RowBox[List[SuperscriptBox["Zeta", "\[Prime]", Rule[MultilineFunction, None]], "[", RowBox[List["-", "k"]], "]"]]]]]]]], ")"]]]]]], "/;", " ", RowBox[List[RowBox[List["n", "\[Element]", "Integers"]], "\[And]", RowBox[List["n", ">", "0"]]]]]]]]










MathML Form







<math xmlns='http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML' mathematica:form='TraditionalForm' xmlns:mathematica='http://www.wolfram.com/XML/'> <semantics> <mrow> <mrow> <mrow> <msup> <semantics> <mi> &#968; </mi> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> TagBox[&quot;\[Psi]&quot;, PolyGamma] </annotation> </semantics> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mi> n </mi> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </msup> <mo> ( </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> &#63449; </mo> <mrow> <mfrac> <mn> 1 </mn> <mrow> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> ! </mo> </mrow> </mfrac> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mfrac> <mrow> <semantics> <mi> &#8509; </mi> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> TagBox[&quot;\[DoubledGamma]&quot;, Function[List[], EulerGamma]] </annotation> </semantics> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </mrow> <mi> n </mi> </mfrac> <mo> + </mo> <mrow> <semantics> <mi> &#968; </mi> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> TagBox[&quot;\[Psi]&quot;, PolyGamma] </annotation> </semantics> <mo> ( </mo> <mi> n </mi> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> + </mo> <mrow> <munderover> <mo> &#8721; </mo> <mrow> <mi> k </mi> <mo> = </mo> <mn> 0 </mn> </mrow> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> </munderover> <mrow> <semantics> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mtable> <mtr> <mtd> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> </mtd> </mtr> <mtr> <mtd> <mi> k </mi> </mtd> </mtr> </mtable> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> TagBox[RowBox[List[&quot;(&quot;, GridBox[List[List[TagBox[RowBox[List[&quot;n&quot;, &quot;-&quot;, &quot;1&quot;]], Identity, Rule[Editable, True]]], List[TagBox[&quot;k&quot;, Identity, Rule[Editable, True]]]]], &quot;)&quot;]], InterpretTemplate[Function[Binomial[Slot[1], Slot[2]]]], Rule[Editable, False]] </annotation> </semantics> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mrow> <munderover> <mo> &#8721; </mo> <mrow> <mi> j </mi> <mo> = </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> <mi> k </mi> </munderover> <mrow> <msup> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mi> j </mi> </msup> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <semantics> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mtable> <mtr> <mtd> <mi> k </mi> </mtd> </mtr> <mtr> <mtd> <mi> j </mi> </mtd> </mtr> </mtable> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> TagBox[RowBox[List[&quot;(&quot;, GridBox[List[List[TagBox[&quot;k&quot;, Identity, Rule[Editable, True]]], List[TagBox[&quot;j&quot;, Identity, Rule[Editable, True]]]]], &quot;)&quot;]], InterpretTemplate[Function[Binomial[Slot[1], Slot[2]]]], Rule[Editable, False]] </annotation> </semantics> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <semantics> <mi> &#968; </mi> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> TagBox[&quot;\[Psi]&quot;, PolyGamma] </annotation> </semantics> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mi> k </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mi> j </mi> <mo> + </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <semantics> <mrow> <mi> &#950; </mi> <mo> &#8289; </mo> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mrow> <mi> j </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mi> k </mi> </mrow> <mo> , </mo> <mn> 2 </mn> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> TagBox[RowBox[List[&quot;\[Zeta]&quot;, &quot;(&quot;, RowBox[List[TagBox[RowBox[List[&quot;j&quot;, &quot;-&quot;, &quot;k&quot;]], Zeta, Rule[Editable, True]], &quot;,&quot;, TagBox[&quot;2&quot;, Zeta, Rule[Editable, True]]]], &quot;)&quot;]], InterpretTemplate[Function[List[ZetaDump`e1$, ZetaDump`e2$], Zeta[ZetaDump`e1$, ZetaDump`e2$]]]] </annotation> </semantics> </mrow> </mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mrow> <semantics> <mi> &#968; </mi> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> TagBox[&quot;\[Psi]&quot;, PolyGamma] </annotation> </semantics> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mi> k </mi> <mo> + </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </mrow> </mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mrow> <munderover> <mo> &#8721; </mo> <mrow> <mi> k </mi> <mo> = </mo> <mn> 0 </mn> </mrow> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 2 </mn> </mrow> </munderover> <mrow> <semantics> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mtable> <mtr> <mtd> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> </mtd> </mtr> <mtr> <mtd> <mi> k </mi> </mtd> </mtr> </mtable> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> TagBox[RowBox[List[&quot;(&quot;, GridBox[List[List[TagBox[RowBox[List[&quot;n&quot;, &quot;-&quot;, &quot;1&quot;]], Identity, Rule[Editable, True]]], List[TagBox[&quot;k&quot;, Identity, Rule[Editable, True]]]]], &quot;)&quot;]], InterpretTemplate[Function[Binomial[Slot[1], Slot[2]]]], Rule[Editable, False]] </annotation> </semantics> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <msup> <mi> &#950; </mi> <mo> &#8242; </mo> </msup> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mi> k </mi> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </mrow> </mrow> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </mrow> </mrow> <mo> /; </mo> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> &#8712; </mo> <semantics> <msup> <mi> &#8469; </mi> <mo> + </mo> </msup> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> TagBox[SuperscriptBox[&quot;\[DoubleStruckCapitalN]&quot;, &quot;+&quot;], Function[Integers]] </annotation> </semantics> </mrow> </mrow> <annotation-xml encoding='MathML-Content'> <apply> <ci> Condition </ci> <apply> <eq /> <apply> <ci> PolyGamma </ci> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <ci> n </ci> </apply> <cn type='integer'> 1 </cn> </apply> <apply> <times /> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> 1 </cn> <apply> <power /> <apply> <factorial /> <apply> <plus /> <ci> n </ci> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> <apply> <plus /> <apply> <times /> <eulergamma /> <apply> <plus /> <ci> n </ci> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> <apply> <power /> <ci> n </ci> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> <apply> <ci> PolyGamma </ci> <ci> n </ci> </apply> <apply> <sum /> <bvar> <ci> k </ci> </bvar> <lowlimit> <cn type='integer'> 0 </cn> </lowlimit> <uplimit> <apply> <plus /> <ci> n </ci> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </uplimit> <apply> <times /> <apply> <ci> Binomial </ci> <apply> <plus /> <ci> n </ci> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> <ci> k </ci> </apply> <apply> <plus /> <apply> <sum /> <bvar> <ci> j </ci> </bvar> <lowlimit> <cn type='integer'> 1 </cn> </lowlimit> <uplimit> <ci> k </ci> </uplimit> <apply> <times /> <apply> <power /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <ci> j </ci> </apply> <apply> <ci> Binomial </ci> <ci> k </ci> <ci> j </ci> </apply> <apply> <ci> PolyGamma </ci> <apply> <plus /> <ci> k </ci> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <ci> j </ci> </apply> <cn type='integer'> 1 </cn> </apply> </apply> <apply> <ci> Zeta </ci> <apply> <plus /> <ci> j </ci> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <ci> k </ci> </apply> </apply> <cn type='integer'> 2 </cn> </apply> </apply> </apply> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <apply> <ci> PolyGamma </ci> <apply> <plus /> <ci> k </ci> <cn type='integer'> 1 </cn> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <apply> <sum /> <bvar> <ci> k </ci> </bvar> <lowlimit> <cn type='integer'> 0 </cn> </lowlimit> <uplimit> <apply> <plus /> <ci> n </ci> <cn type='integer'> -2 </cn> </apply> </uplimit> <apply> <times /> <apply> <ci> Binomial </ci> <apply> <plus /> <ci> n </ci> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> <ci> k </ci> </apply> <apply> <ci> D </ci> <apply> <ci> Zeta </ci> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <ci> k </ci> </apply> </apply> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <ci> k </ci> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> <apply> <in /> <ci> n </ci> <integers /> </apply> </apply> </annotation-xml> </semantics> </math>










Rule Form





Cell[BoxData[RowBox[List[RowBox[List["HoldPattern", "[", RowBox[List["PolyGamma", "[", RowBox[List[RowBox[List["-", "n_"]], ",", "1"]], "]"]], "]"]], "\[RuleDelayed]", RowBox[List[FractionBox[RowBox[List[FractionBox[RowBox[List[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["n", "-", "1"]], ")"]], " ", "EulerGamma"]], "n"], "+", RowBox[List["PolyGamma", "[", "n", "]"]], "+", RowBox[List[UnderoverscriptBox["\[Sum]", RowBox[List["k", "=", "0"]], RowBox[List["n", "-", "1"]]], RowBox[List[RowBox[List["Binomial", "[", RowBox[List[RowBox[List["n", "-", "1"]], ",", "k"]], "]"]], " ", RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List[RowBox[List[UnderoverscriptBox["\[Sum]", RowBox[List["j", "=", "1"]], "k"], RowBox[List[SuperscriptBox[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["-", "1"]], ")"]], "j"], " ", RowBox[List["Binomial", "[", RowBox[List["k", ",", "j"]], "]"]], " ", RowBox[List["PolyGamma", "[", RowBox[List["k", "-", "j", "+", "1"]], "]"]], " ", RowBox[List["Zeta", "[", RowBox[List[RowBox[List["j", "-", "k"]], ",", "2"]], "]"]]]]]], "-", RowBox[List["PolyGamma", "[", RowBox[List["1", "+", "k"]], "]"]]]], ")"]]]]]], "-", RowBox[List[UnderoverscriptBox["\[Sum]", RowBox[List["k", "=", "0"]], RowBox[List["n", "-", "2"]]], RowBox[List[RowBox[List["Binomial", "[", RowBox[List[RowBox[List["n", "-", "1"]], ",", "k"]], "]"]], " ", RowBox[List[SuperscriptBox["Zeta", "\[Prime]", Rule[MultilineFunction, None]], "[", RowBox[List["-", "k"]], "]"]]]]]]]], RowBox[List[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["n", "-", "1"]], ")"]], "!"]]], "/;", RowBox[List[RowBox[List["n", "\[Element]", "Integers"]], "&&", RowBox[List["n", ">", "0"]]]]]]]]]]










Date Added to functions.wolfram.com (modification date)





2007-05-02





© 1998-2014 Wolfram Research, Inc.