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variants of this functions
PolyGamma






Mathematica Notation

Traditional Notation









Gamma, Beta, Erf > PolyGamma[nu,z] > Series representations > Asymptotic series expansions





http://functions.wolfram.com/06.15.06.0043.01









  


  










Input Form





PolyGamma[-n, z] \[Proportional] (z^(n - 1)/(n - 1)!) (EulerGamma (1 - z/n) - Log[z] + PolyGamma[n] + Sum[(Binomial[n - 1, k] (Sum[Binomial[k, j] PolyGamma[k - j + 1] Zeta[j - k, 1 + z] (-z)^j, {j, 0, k}] - PolyGamma[k + 1] Zeta[-k] - Derivative[1][Zeta][-k]))/z^k, {k, 0, n - 1}]) - (1 + z)^(-1 + n)/(2 n!) + (Log[1 + z] - 1/n) (BernoulliB[n, 1 + z]/n!) + (-1)^(-1 + n) Sum[(BernoulliB[k] (1 + z)^(-k + n))/ Pochhammer[k - n, 1 + n], {k, 1 + n, Infinity}] - (1/n!) Sum[BernoulliB[k] Binomial[n, k] (1 + z)^(n - k) Sum[(-1)^j/(k - j), {j, 0, k - 1}], {k, 2, n}] /; Abs[Arg[z]] <= Pi/2 && (Abs[z] -> Infinity) && Element[n, Integers] && n > 0










Standard Form





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MathML Form







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&quot;)&quot;]], InterpretTemplate[Function[Binomial[Slot[1], Slot[2]]]], Rule[Editable, False]] </annotation> </semantics> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <semantics> <mi> &#968; </mi> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> TagBox[&quot;\[Psi]&quot;, PolyGamma] </annotation> </semantics> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mi> j </mi> </mrow> <mo> + </mo> <mi> k </mi> <mo> + </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <semantics> <mrow> <mi> &#950; </mi> <mo> &#8289; </mo> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mrow> <mi> j </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mi> k </mi> </mrow> <mo> , </mo> <mrow> <mi> z </mi> <mo> + </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> TagBox[RowBox[List[&quot;\[Zeta]&quot;, &quot;(&quot;, RowBox[List[TagBox[RowBox[List[&quot;j&quot;, &quot;-&quot;, &quot;k&quot;]], Zeta, Rule[Editable, True]], &quot;,&quot;, TagBox[RowBox[List[&quot;z&quot;, &quot;+&quot;, &quot;1&quot;]], Zeta, Rule[Editable, True]]]], &quot;)&quot;]], InterpretTemplate[Function[List[ZetaDump`e1$, ZetaDump`e2$], Zeta[ZetaDump`e1$, ZetaDump`e2$]]]] </annotation> </semantics> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <msup> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mi> z </mi> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mi> j </mi> </msup> </mrow> </mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mrow> <mrow> <semantics> <mi> &#968; </mi> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> TagBox[&quot;\[Psi]&quot;, PolyGamma] </annotation> </semantics> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mi> k </mi> <mo> + </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <semantics> <mrow> <mi> &#950; </mi> <mo> &#8289; </mo> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mi> k </mi> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> TagBox[RowBox[List[&quot;\[Zeta]&quot;, &quot;(&quot;, TagBox[RowBox[List[&quot;-&quot;, &quot;k&quot;]], Zeta, Rule[Editable, True]], &quot;)&quot;]], InterpretTemplate[Function[BoxForm`e$, Zeta[BoxForm`e$]]]] </annotation> </semantics> </mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mrow> <msup> <mi> &#950; </mi> <mo> 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<semantics> <mo> &#10072; </mo> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> &quot;\[LeftBracketingBar]&quot; </annotation> </semantics> <mi> z </mi> <semantics> <mo> &#10072; </mo> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> &quot;\[RightBracketingBar]&quot; </annotation> </semantics> </mrow> <semantics> <mo> &#8594; </mo> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> &quot;\[Rule]&quot; </annotation> </semantics> <mi> &#8734; </mi> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> &#8743; </mo> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> &#8712; </mo> <msup> <mi> &#8469; </mi> <mo> + </mo> </msup> </mrow> </mrow> </mrow> <annotation-xml encoding='MathML-Content'> <apply> <ci> Condition </ci> <apply> <ci> Proportional </ci> <apply> <ci> PolyGamma </ci> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <ci> n </ci> </apply> <ci> z </ci> </apply> <apply> <plus /> <apply> <times /> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> 1 </cn> <apply> <power /> <apply> <factorial /> <ci> n </ci> </apply> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> <apply> <plus /> 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j </ci> </bvar> <lowlimit> <cn type='integer'> 0 </cn> </lowlimit> <uplimit> <apply> <plus /> <ci> k </ci> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </uplimit> <apply> <times /> <apply> <power /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <ci> j </ci> </apply> <apply> <power /> <apply> <plus /> <ci> k </ci> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <ci> j </ci> </apply> </apply> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> <apply> <times /> <apply> <times /> <apply> <power /> <ci> z </ci> <apply> <plus /> <ci> n </ci> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> <apply> <power /> <apply> <factorial /> <apply> <plus /> <ci> n </ci> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> <apply> <plus /> <apply> <times /> <eulergamma /> <apply> <plus /> <cn type='integer'> 1 </cn> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <apply> <times /> <ci> z </ci> <apply> <power /> <ci> n </ci> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <apply> <ln /> <ci> z </ci> </apply> </apply> <apply> <ci> PolyGamma </ci> <ci> n </ci> </apply> <apply> <sum /> <bvar> <ci> k </ci> </bvar> <lowlimit> <cn type='integer'> 0 </cn> </lowlimit> <uplimit> <apply> <plus /> <ci> n </ci> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </uplimit> <apply> <times /> <apply> <ci> Binomial </ci> <apply> <plus /> <ci> n </ci> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> <ci> k </ci> </apply> <apply> <power /> <ci> z </ci> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <ci> k </ci> </apply> </apply> <apply> <plus /> <apply> <sum /> <bvar> <ci> j </ci> </bvar> <lowlimit> <cn type='integer'> 0 </cn> </lowlimit> <uplimit> <ci> k </ci> </uplimit> <apply> <times /> <apply> <ci> Binomial </ci> <ci> k </ci> <ci> j </ci> </apply> <apply> <ci> PolyGamma </ci> <apply> <plus /> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <ci> j </ci> </apply> <ci> k </ci> <cn type='integer'> 1 </cn> </apply> </apply> <apply> <ci> Zeta </ci> <apply> <plus /> <ci> j </ci> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <ci> k </ci> </apply> </apply> <apply> <plus /> <ci> z </ci> <cn type='integer'> 1 </cn> </apply> </apply> <apply> <power /> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <ci> z </ci> </apply> <ci> j </ci> </apply> </apply> </apply> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <apply> <times /> <apply> <ci> PolyGamma </ci> <apply> <plus /> <ci> k </ci> <cn type='integer'> 1 </cn> </apply> </apply> <apply> <ci> Zeta </ci> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <ci> k </ci> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <apply> <ci> D </ci> <apply> <ci> Zeta </ci> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <ci> k </ci> </apply> </apply> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <ci> k </ci> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <apply> <times /> <apply> <power /> <apply> <plus /> <ci> z </ci> <cn type='integer'> 1 </cn> </apply> <apply> <plus /> <ci> n </ci> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> <apply> <power /> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> 2 </cn> <apply> <factorial /> <ci> n </ci> </apply> </apply> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> <apply> <and /> <apply> <leq /> <apply> <abs /> <apply> <arg /> <ci> z </ci> </apply> </apply> <apply> <times /> <pi /> <apply> <power /> <cn type='integer'> 2 </cn> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> </apply> <apply> <ci> Rule </ci> <apply> <abs /> <ci> z </ci> </apply> <infinity /> </apply> <apply> <in /> <ci> n </ci> <apply> <ci> SuperPlus </ci> <ci> &#8469; </ci> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </annotation-xml> </semantics> </math>










Rule Form





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Date Added to functions.wolfram.com (modification date)





2007-05-02





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