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variants of this functions
PolyGamma






Mathematica Notation

Traditional Notation









Gamma, Beta, Erf > PolyGamma[nu,z] > Series representations > Asymptotic series expansions





http://functions.wolfram.com/06.15.06.0010.01









  


  










Input Form





PolyGamma[n, z] \[Proportional] ((-1)^(n - 1) (n - 1)!)/z^n + ((-1)^(n - 1) n!)/(2 z^(n + 1)) + (((-1)^(n - 1) (n + 1)!)/(12 z^(n + 2))) (1 + O[1/z^2]) /; Element[n, Integers] && n > 0 && Abs[Arg[z]] < Pi && (Abs[z] -> Infinity)










Standard Form





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MathML Form







<math xmlns='http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML' mathematica:form='TraditionalForm' xmlns:mathematica='http://www.wolfram.com/XML/'> <semantics> <mrow> <mrow> <mrow> <msup> <semantics> <mi> &#968; </mi> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> TagBox[&quot;\[Psi]&quot;, PolyGamma] </annotation> </semantics> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mi> n </mi> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </msup> <mo> ( </mo> <mi> z </mi> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> &#8733; </mo> <mrow> <mfrac> <mrow> <msup> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> </msup> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> ! </mo> </mrow> </mrow> <msup> <mi> z </mi> <mi> n </mi> </msup> </mfrac> <mo> + </mo> <mfrac> <mrow> <msup> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> </msup> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> ! </mo> </mrow> </mrow> <mrow> <mn> 2 </mn> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <msup> <mi> z </mi> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> + </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> </msup> </mrow> </mfrac> <mo> + </mo> <mrow> <mfrac> <mrow> <msup> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> </msup> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> + </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> ! </mo> </mrow> </mrow> <mrow> <mn> 12 </mn> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <msup> <mi> z </mi> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> + </mo> <mn> 2 </mn> </mrow> </msup> </mrow> </mfrac> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mn> 1 </mn> <mo> + </mo> <mrow> <mi> O </mi> <mo> &#8289; </mo> <mo> ( </mo> <mfrac> <mn> 1 </mn> <msup> <mi> z </mi> <mn> 2 </mn> </msup> </mfrac> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </mrow> </mrow> </mrow> <mo> /; </mo> <mrow> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> &#8712; </mo> <msup> <mi> &#8469; </mi> <mo> + </mo> </msup> </mrow> <mo> &#8743; </mo> <mrow> <mrow> <semantics> <mo> &#10072; </mo> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> &quot;\[LeftBracketingBar]&quot; </annotation> </semantics> <mrow> <mi> arg </mi> <mo> &#8289; </mo> <mo> ( </mo> <mi> z </mi> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <semantics> <mo> &#10072; </mo> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> &quot;\[RightBracketingBar]&quot; </annotation> </semantics> </mrow> <mo> &lt; </mo> <mi> &#960; </mi> </mrow> <mo> &#8743; </mo> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mrow> <semantics> <mo> &#10072; </mo> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> &quot;\[LeftBracketingBar]&quot; </annotation> </semantics> <mi> z </mi> <semantics> <mo> &#10072; </mo> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> &quot;\[RightBracketingBar]&quot; </annotation> </semantics> </mrow> <semantics> <mo> &#8594; </mo> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> &quot;\[Rule]&quot; </annotation> </semantics> <mi> &#8734; </mi> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </mrow> </mrow> <annotation-xml encoding='MathML-Content'> <apply> <ci> Condition </ci> <apply> <ci> Proportional </ci> <apply> <ci> PolyGamma </ci> <ci> n </ci> <ci> z </ci> </apply> <apply> <plus /> <apply> <times /> <apply> <power /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <apply> <plus /> <ci> n </ci> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> <apply> <factorial /> <apply> <plus /> <ci> n </ci> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> <apply> <power /> <apply> <power /> <ci> z </ci> <ci> n </ci> </apply> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> <apply> <times /> <apply> <power /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <apply> <plus /> <ci> n </ci> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> <apply> <factorial /> <ci> n </ci> </apply> <apply> <power /> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> 2 </cn> <apply> <power /> <ci> z </ci> <apply> <plus /> <ci> n </ci> <cn type='integer'> 1 </cn> </apply> </apply> </apply> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> <apply> <times /> <apply> <times /> <apply> <power /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <apply> <plus /> <ci> n </ci> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> <apply> <factorial /> <apply> <plus /> <ci> n </ci> <cn type='integer'> 1 </cn> </apply> </apply> <apply> <power /> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> 12 </cn> <apply> <power /> <ci> z </ci> <apply> <plus /> <ci> n </ci> <cn type='integer'> 2 </cn> </apply> </apply> </apply> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> <apply> <plus /> <cn type='integer'> 1 </cn> <apply> <ci> O </ci> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> 1 </cn> <apply> <power /> <apply> <power /> <ci> z </ci> <cn type='integer'> 2 </cn> </apply> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> <apply> <and /> <apply> <in /> <ci> n </ci> <apply> <ci> SuperPlus </ci> <ci> &#8469; </ci> </apply> </apply> <apply> <lt /> <apply> <abs /> <apply> <arg /> <ci> z </ci> </apply> </apply> <pi /> </apply> <apply> <ci> Rule </ci> <apply> <abs /> <ci> z </ci> </apply> <infinity /> </apply> </apply> </apply> </annotation-xml> </semantics> </math>










Rule Form





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Date Added to functions.wolfram.com (modification date)





2001-10-29