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variants of this functions
PolyGamma






Mathematica Notation

Traditional Notation









Gamma, Beta, Erf > PolyGamma[nu,z] > Transformations > Transformations and argument simplifications > Argument involving basic arithmetic operations





http://functions.wolfram.com/06.15.16.0021.01









  


  










Input Form





PolyGamma[-n, z] == (-1)^n PolyGamma[-n, -z] + Sum[Sum[(((-1)^(n + k) (z - p)^k + (z - p + 1)^k)/k!) Sum[((-1)^j/j!) PolyGamma[j + k - n, 1], {j, 0, n - k - 2}], {k, 0, n - 2}] + (1/(n - 1)!) ((z - p)^(-1 + n) (-EulerGamma + Log[-p + z] - PolyGamma[n]) + (z - p + 1)^(-1 + n) (EulerGamma - Log[-1 + p - z] + PolyGamma[n])), {p, 1, Floor[Re[z]]}] + ((z - Floor[Re[z]])^(-1 + n)/(n - 1)!) (EulerGamma + (I Pi (z - Floor[Re[z]]))/n + 2 I Pi Floor[3/4 - Arg[z - Floor[Re[z]]]/(2 Pi)] + PolyGamma[n] + Log[-2 Pi I] - Log[Floor[Re[z]] - z] - Sum[(Binomial[-1 + n, k] k! PolyLog[1 + k, 1])/ (2 Pi I (z - Floor[Re[z]]))^k, {k, 1, -1 + n}] + Sum[(-1)^k Binomial[-1 + n, k] Sum[(Binomial[k, j] j! PolyLog[1 + j, E^(2 I Pi z)])/ (2 Pi I (Floor[Re[z]] - z))^j, {j, 0, k}], {k, 0, -1 + n}]) /; Element[n, Integers] && n > 0 && Re[z] >= 0










Standard Form





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MathML Form







<math xmlns='http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML' mathematica:form='TraditionalForm' xmlns:mathematica='http://www.wolfram.com/XML/'> <semantics> <mrow> <mrow> <mrow> <msup> <semantics> <mi> &#968; </mi> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> TagBox[&quot;\[Psi]&quot;, PolyGamma] </annotation> </semantics> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mi> n </mi> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </msup> <mo> ( </mo> <mi> z </mi> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> &#63449; </mo> <mrow> <mrow> <msup> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mi> n </mi> </msup> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <msup> <semantics> <mi> &#968; </mi> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> TagBox[&quot;\[Psi]&quot;, PolyGamma] </annotation> </semantics> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mi> n </mi> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </msup> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mi> z </mi> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </mrow> <mo> + </mo> <mrow> <munderover> <mo> &#8721; </mo> <mrow> <mi> p </mi> <mo> = </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> <mrow> <mo> &#8970; </mo> <mrow> <mi> Re </mi> <mo> &#8289; </mo> <mo> ( </mo> <mi> z </mi> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> &#8971; </mo> </mrow> </munderover> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mfrac> <mrow> <mrow> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mrow> <mi> log </mi> <mo> &#8289; </mo> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mi> p </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mi> z </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </mrow> <mo> + </mo> <mrow> <semantics> <mi> &#968; </mi> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> TagBox[&quot;\[Psi]&quot;, PolyGamma] </annotation> </semantics> <mo> ( </mo> <mi> n </mi> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> + </mo> <semantics> <mi> &#8509; </mi> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> TagBox[&quot;\[DoubledGamma]&quot;, Function[List[], EulerGamma]] </annotation> </semantics> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <msup> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mi> p </mi> </mrow> <mo> + </mo> <mi> z </mi> <mo> + </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> </msup> </mrow> <mo> + </mo> <mrow> <msup> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mi> z </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mi> p </mi> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> </msup> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mrow> <mi> log </mi> <mo> &#8289; </mo> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mi> z </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mi> p </mi> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mrow> <semantics> <mi> &#968; </mi> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> TagBox[&quot;\[Psi]&quot;, PolyGamma] </annotation> </semantics> <mo> ( </mo> <mi> n </mi> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> - </mo> <semantics> <mi> &#8509; </mi> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> TagBox[&quot;\[DoubledGamma]&quot;, Function[List[], EulerGamma]] </annotation> </semantics> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </mrow> </mrow> <mrow> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> ! </mo> </mrow> </mfrac> <mo> + </mo> <mrow> <munderover> <mo> &#8721; </mo> <mrow> <mi> k </mi> <mo> = </mo> <mn> 0 </mn> </mrow> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 2 </mn> </mrow> </munderover> <mrow> <mfrac> <mrow> <msup> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mi> p </mi> </mrow> <mo> + </mo> <mi> z </mi> <mo> + </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mi> k </mi> </msup> <mo> + </mo> <mrow> <msup> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mrow> <mi> k </mi> <mo> + </mo> <mi> n </mi> </mrow> </msup> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <msup> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mi> z </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mi> p </mi> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mi> k </mi> </msup> </mrow> </mrow> <mrow> <mi> k </mi> <mo> ! </mo> </mrow> </mfrac> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <munderover> <mo> &#8721; </mo> <mrow> <mi> j </mi> <mo> = </mo> <mn> 0 </mn> </mrow> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mi> k </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 2 </mn> </mrow> </munderover> <mfrac> <mrow> <msup> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mi> j </mi> </msup> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <msup> <semantics> <mi> &#968; </mi> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> TagBox[&quot;\[Psi]&quot;, PolyGamma] </annotation> </semantics> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mi> j </mi> <mo> + </mo> <mi> k </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mi> n </mi> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </msup> <mo> ( </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </mrow> <mrow> <mi> j </mi> <mo> ! </mo> </mrow> </mfrac> </mrow> </mrow> </mrow> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </mrow> <mo> + </mo> <mrow> <mfrac> <msup> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mi> z </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mrow> <mo> &#8970; </mo> <mrow> <mi> Re </mi> <mo> &#8289; </mo> <mo> ( </mo> <mi> z </mi> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> &#8971; </mo> </mrow> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> </msup> <mrow> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> ! </mo> </mrow> </mfrac> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mrow> <mn> 2 </mn> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mi> &#8520; </mi> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mi> &#960; </mi> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <mo> &#8970; </mo> <mrow> <mfrac> <mn> 3 </mn> <mn> 4 </mn> </mfrac> <mo> - </mo> <mfrac> <mrow> <mi> arg </mi> <mo> &#8289; </mo> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mi> z </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mrow> <mo> &#8970; </mo> <mrow> <mi> Re </mi> <mo> &#8289; </mo> <mo> ( </mo> <mi> z </mi> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> &#8971; </mo> </mrow> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mrow> <mn> 2 </mn> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mi> &#960; </mi> </mrow> </mfrac> </mrow> <mo> &#8971; </mo> </mrow> </mrow> <mo> + </mo> <semantics> <mi> &#8509; </mi> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> TagBox[&quot;\[DoubledGamma]&quot;, Function[List[], EulerGamma]] </annotation> </semantics> <mo> + </mo> <mfrac> <mrow> <mi> &#8520; </mi> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mi> &#960; </mi> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mi> z </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mrow> <mo> &#8970; </mo> <mrow> <mi> Re </mi> <mo> &#8289; </mo> <mo> ( </mo> <mi> z </mi> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> &#8971; </mo> </mrow> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </mrow> <mi> n </mi> </mfrac> <mo> + </mo> <mrow> <mi> log </mi> <mo> &#8289; </mo> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 2 </mn> </mrow> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mi> &#960; </mi> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mi> &#8520; </mi> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mrow> <mi> log </mi> <mo> &#8289; </mo> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mrow> <mo> &#8970; </mo> <mrow> <mi> Re </mi> <mo> &#8289; </mo> <mo> ( </mo> <mi> z </mi> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> &#8971; </mo> </mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mi> z </mi> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> + </mo> <mrow> <semantics> <mi> &#968; </mi> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> TagBox[&quot;\[Psi]&quot;, PolyGamma] </annotation> </semantics> <mo> ( </mo> <mi> n </mi> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mrow> <munderover> <mo> &#8721; </mo> <mrow> <mi> k </mi> <mo> = </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> </munderover> <mrow> <msup> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mn> 2 </mn> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mi> &#960; </mi> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mi> &#8520; </mi> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mi> z </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mrow> <mo> &#8970; </mo> <mrow> <mi> Re </mi> <mo> &#8289; </mo> <mo> ( </mo> <mi> z </mi> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> &#8971; </mo> </mrow> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mi> k </mi> </mrow> </msup> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <semantics> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mtable> <mtr> <mtd> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> </mtd> </mtr> <mtr> <mtd> <mi> k </mi> </mtd> </mtr> </mtable> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> TagBox[RowBox[List[&quot;(&quot;, GridBox[List[List[TagBox[RowBox[List[&quot;n&quot;, &quot;-&quot;, &quot;1&quot;]], Identity, Rule[Editable, True]]], List[TagBox[&quot;k&quot;, Identity, Rule[Editable, True]]]]], &quot;)&quot;]], InterpretTemplate[Function[Binomial[Slot[1], Slot[2]]]], Rule[Editable, False]] </annotation> </semantics> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <mi> k </mi> <mo> ! </mo> </mrow> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <msub> <semantics> <mi> Li </mi> <annotation-xml encoding='MathML-Content'> <ci> PolyLog </ci> </annotation-xml> </semantics> <mrow> <mi> k </mi> <mo> + </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> </msub> <mo> ( </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </mrow> </mrow> <mo> + </mo> <mrow> <munderover> <mo> &#8721; </mo> <mrow> <mi> k </mi> <mo> = </mo> <mn> 0 </mn> </mrow> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> </munderover> <mrow> <msup> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mi> k </mi> </msup> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <semantics> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mtable> <mtr> <mtd> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> </mtd> </mtr> <mtr> <mtd> <mi> k </mi> </mtd> </mtr> </mtable> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <annotation encoding='Mathematica'> TagBox[RowBox[List[&quot;(&quot;, 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<mo> &#8712; </mo> <msup> <mi> &#8469; </mi> <mo> + </mo> </msup> </mrow> <mo> &#8743; </mo> <mrow> <mrow> <mi> Re </mi> <mo> &#8289; </mo> <mo> ( </mo> <mi> z </mi> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> &#8805; </mo> <mn> 0 </mn> </mrow> </mrow> </mrow> <annotation-xml encoding='MathML-Content'> <apply> <ci> Condition </ci> <apply> <eq /> <apply> <ci> PolyGamma </ci> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <ci> n </ci> </apply> <ci> z </ci> </apply> <apply> <plus /> <apply> <times /> <apply> <power /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <ci> n </ci> </apply> <apply> <ci> PolyGamma </ci> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <ci> n </ci> </apply> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <ci> z </ci> </apply> </apply> </apply> <apply> <sum /> <bvar> <ci> p </ci> </bvar> <lowlimit> <cn type='integer'> 1 </cn> </lowlimit> <uplimit> <apply> <floor /> <apply> <real /> <ci> z </ci> </apply> </apply> </uplimit> <apply> <plus /> <apply> <times /> <apply> <plus /> <apply> <times /> <apply> 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Rule Form





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Date Added to functions.wolfram.com (modification date)





2007-05-02





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