Wolfram Researchfunctions.wolfram.comOther Wolfram Sites
Search Site
Function CategoriesGraphics GalleryNotationsGeneral IdentitiesAbout This Site ContributeEmail CommentsSign the Guestbook

View Related Information In
The Documentation Center
MathWorld

Download All Formulas For This Function
Mathematica Notebook
PDF File

 

Developed with Mathematica -- Download a Free Trial Version
 











variants of this functions
SphericalHarmonicY






Mathematica Notation

Traditional Notation









Polynomials > SphericalHarmonicY[n,m,theta,phi] > Specific values > Specialized values > For fixed m, theta, phi





http://functions.wolfram.com/05.10.03.0028.01









  


  










Input Form





SphericalHarmonicY[n, m, \[CurlyTheta], \[CurlyPhi]] == ((((-1)^m 2^(n - 1))/Pi) Sqrt[((2 n + 1) (n - m)!)/(n + m)!] E^(I \[CurlyPhi] m) (Sin[\[CurlyTheta]]^2)^(m/2) Sum[(((-1)^k Gamma[n - k + 1/2])/(2^(2 k) (k! Gamma[n - m - 2 k + 1]))) Cos[\[CurlyTheta]]^(n - 2 k), {k, 0, Floor[n/2]}])/ Cos[\[CurlyTheta]]^m /; 0 <= m <= n










Standard Form





Cell[BoxData[RowBox[List[RowBox[List[RowBox[List["SphericalHarmonicY", "[", RowBox[List["n", ",", "m", ",", "\[CurlyTheta]", ",", "\[CurlyPhi]"]], "]"]], "\[Equal]", RowBox[List[FractionBox[RowBox[List[SuperscriptBox[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["-", "1"]], ")"]], "m"], " ", SuperscriptBox["2", RowBox[List["n", "-", "1"]]]]], "\[Pi]"], SqrtBox[FractionBox[RowBox[List[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List[RowBox[List["2", " ", "n"]], "+", "1"]], ")"]], " ", RowBox[List[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["n", "-", "m"]], ")"]], "!"]]]], RowBox[List[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["n", "+", "m"]], ")"]], "!"]]]], " ", SuperscriptBox["\[ExponentialE]", RowBox[List["\[ImaginaryI]", " ", "\[CurlyPhi]", " ", "m"]]], " ", SuperscriptBox[RowBox[List["(", SuperscriptBox[RowBox[List["Sin", "[", "\[CurlyTheta]", "]"]], "2"], ")"]], RowBox[List["m", "/", "2"]]], SuperscriptBox[RowBox[List["Cos", "[", "\[CurlyTheta]", "]"]], RowBox[List["-", "m"]]], RowBox[List[UnderoverscriptBox["\[Sum]", RowBox[List["k", "=", "0"]], RowBox[List["Floor", "[", FractionBox["n", "2"], "]"]]], RowBox[List[FractionBox[RowBox[List[SuperscriptBox[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["-", "1"]], ")"]], "k"], " ", SuperscriptBox["2", RowBox[List[RowBox[List["-", "2"]], "k"]]], " ", RowBox[List["Gamma", "[", RowBox[List["n", "-", "k", "+", FractionBox["1", "2"]]], "]"]]]], RowBox[List[RowBox[List["k", "!"]], " ", RowBox[List["Gamma", "[", RowBox[List["n", "-", "m", "-", RowBox[List["2", "k"]], "+", "1"]], "]"]]]]], SuperscriptBox[RowBox[List["Cos", "[", "\[CurlyTheta]", "]"]], RowBox[List["n", "-", RowBox[List["2", " ", "k"]]]]]]]]]]]]], "/;", RowBox[List["0", "\[LessEqual]", "m", "\[LessEqual]", "n"]]]]]]










MathML Form







<math xmlns='http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML' mathematica:form='TraditionalForm' xmlns:mathematica='http://www.wolfram.com/XML/'> <semantics> <mrow> <mrow> <mrow> <msubsup> <mi> Y </mi> <mi> n </mi> <mi> m </mi> </msubsup> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mi> &#977; </mi> <mo> , </mo> <mi> &#966; </mi> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> &#10869; </mo> <mrow> <mfrac> <mrow> <msup> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mi> m </mi> </msup> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <msup> <mn> 2 </mn> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> </msup> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <msup> <mi> &#8519; </mi> <mrow> <mi> &#8520; </mi> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mi> &#966; </mi> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mi> m </mi> </mrow> </msup> </mrow> <mi> &#960; </mi> </mfrac> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <msqrt> <mfrac> <mrow> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mrow> <mn> 2 </mn> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mi> n </mi> </mrow> <mo> + </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mi> m </mi> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> ! </mo> </mrow> </mrow> <mrow> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> + </mo> <mi> m </mi> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> ! </mo> </mrow> </mfrac> </msqrt> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <msup> <mrow> <msup> <mi> sin </mi> <mn> 2 </mn> </msup> <mo> ( </mo> <mi> &#977; </mi> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mrow> <mi> m </mi> <mo> / </mo> <mn> 2 </mn> </mrow> </msup> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <msup> <mi> cos </mi> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mi> m </mi> </mrow> </msup> <mo> ( </mo> <mi> &#977; </mi> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <munderover> <mo> &#8721; </mo> <mrow> <mi> k </mi> <mo> = </mo> <mn> 0 </mn> </mrow> <mrow> <mo> &#8970; </mo> <mfrac> <mi> n </mi> <mn> 2 </mn> </mfrac> <mo> &#8971; </mo> </mrow> </munderover> <mfrac> <mrow> <msup> <mrow> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mi> k </mi> </msup> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <msup> <mn> 2 </mn> <mrow> <mrow> <mo> - </mo> <mn> 2 </mn> </mrow> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mi> k </mi> </mrow> </msup> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <mi> &#915; </mi> <mo> &#8289; </mo> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mi> k </mi> <mo> + </mo> <mfrac> <mn> 1 </mn> <mn> 2 </mn> </mfrac> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <msup> <mi> cos </mi> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mrow> <mn> 2 </mn> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mi> k </mi> </mrow> </mrow> </msup> <mo> ( </mo> <mi> &#977; </mi> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </mrow> <mrow> <mrow> <mi> k </mi> <mo> ! </mo> </mrow> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mrow> <mi> &#915; </mi> <mo> &#8289; </mo> <mo> ( </mo> <mrow> <mi> n </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mi> m </mi> <mo> - </mo> <mrow> <mn> 2 </mn> <mo> &#8290; </mo> <mi> k </mi> </mrow> <mo> + </mo> <mn> 1 </mn> </mrow> <mo> ) </mo> </mrow> </mrow> </mfrac> </mrow> </mrow> </mrow> <mo> /; </mo> <mrow> <mn> 0 </mn> <mo> &#8804; </mo> <mi> m </mi> <mo> &#8804; </mo> <mi> n </mi> </mrow> </mrow> <annotation-xml encoding='MathML-Content'> <apply> <ci> Condition </ci> <apply> <eq /> <apply> <ci> SphericalHarmonicY </ci> <ci> n </ci> <ci> m </ci> <ci> &#977; </ci> <ci> &#966; </ci> </apply> <apply> <times /> <apply> <times /> <apply> <power /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <ci> m </ci> </apply> <apply> <power /> <cn type='integer'> 2 </cn> <apply> <plus /> <ci> n </ci> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> <apply> <power /> <exponentiale /> <apply> <times /> <imaginaryi /> <ci> &#966; </ci> <ci> m </ci> </apply> </apply> <apply> <power /> <pi /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> <apply> <power /> <apply> <times /> <apply> <plus /> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> 2 </cn> <ci> n </ci> </apply> <cn type='integer'> 1 </cn> </apply> <apply> <factorial /> <apply> <plus /> <ci> n </ci> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <ci> m </ci> </apply> </apply> </apply> <apply> <power /> <apply> <factorial /> <apply> <plus /> <ci> n </ci> <ci> m </ci> </apply> </apply> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> <cn type='rational'> 1 <sep /> 2 </cn> </apply> <apply> <power /> <apply> <power /> <apply> <sin /> <ci> &#977; </ci> </apply> <cn type='integer'> 2 </cn> </apply> <apply> <times /> <ci> m </ci> <apply> <power /> <cn type='integer'> 2 </cn> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> </apply> <apply> <power /> <apply> <cos /> <ci> &#977; </ci> </apply> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <ci> m </ci> </apply> </apply> <apply> <sum /> <bvar> <ci> k </ci> </bvar> <lowlimit> <cn type='integer'> 0 </cn> </lowlimit> <uplimit> <apply> <floor /> <apply> <times /> <ci> n </ci> <apply> <power /> <cn type='integer'> 2 </cn> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> </apply> </uplimit> <apply> <times /> <apply> <power /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <ci> k </ci> </apply> <apply> <power /> <cn type='integer'> 2 </cn> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -2 </cn> <ci> k </ci> </apply> </apply> <apply> <ci> Gamma </ci> <apply> <plus /> <ci> n </ci> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <ci> k </ci> </apply> <cn type='rational'> 1 <sep /> 2 </cn> </apply> </apply> <apply> <power /> <apply> <cos /> <ci> &#977; </ci> </apply> <apply> <plus /> <ci> n </ci> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> 2 </cn> <ci> k </ci> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> <apply> <power /> <apply> <times /> <apply> <factorial /> <ci> k </ci> </apply> <apply> <ci> Gamma </ci> <apply> <plus /> <ci> n </ci> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <ci> m </ci> </apply> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> <apply> <times /> <cn type='integer'> 2 </cn> <ci> k </ci> </apply> </apply> <cn type='integer'> 1 </cn> </apply> </apply> </apply> <cn type='integer'> -1 </cn> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> </apply> <apply> <leq /> <cn type='integer'> 0 </cn> <ci> m </ci> <ci> n </ci> </apply> </apply> </annotation-xml> </semantics> </math>










Rule Form





Cell[BoxData[RowBox[List[RowBox[List["HoldPattern", "[", RowBox[List["SphericalHarmonicY", "[", RowBox[List["n_", ",", "m_", ",", "\[CurlyTheta]_", ",", "\[CurlyPhi]_"]], "]"]], "]"]], "\[RuleDelayed]", RowBox[List[FractionBox[RowBox[List[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List[SuperscriptBox[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["-", "1"]], ")"]], "m"], " ", SuperscriptBox["2", RowBox[List["n", "-", "1"]]]]], ")"]], " ", SqrtBox[FractionBox[RowBox[List[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List[RowBox[List["2", " ", "n"]], "+", "1"]], ")"]], " ", RowBox[List[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["n", "-", "m"]], ")"]], "!"]]]], RowBox[List[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["n", "+", "m"]], ")"]], "!"]]]], " ", SuperscriptBox["\[ExponentialE]", RowBox[List["\[ImaginaryI]", " ", "\[CurlyPhi]", " ", "m"]]], " ", SuperscriptBox[RowBox[List["(", SuperscriptBox[RowBox[List["Sin", "[", "\[CurlyTheta]", "]"]], "2"], ")"]], RowBox[List["m", "/", "2"]]], " ", SuperscriptBox[RowBox[List["Cos", "[", "\[CurlyTheta]", "]"]], RowBox[List["-", "m"]]], " ", RowBox[List[UnderoverscriptBox["\[Sum]", RowBox[List["k", "=", "0"]], RowBox[List["Floor", "[", FractionBox["n", "2"], "]"]]], FractionBox[RowBox[List[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List[SuperscriptBox[RowBox[List["(", RowBox[List["-", "1"]], ")"]], "k"], " ", SuperscriptBox["2", RowBox[List[RowBox[List["-", "2"]], " ", "k"]]], " ", RowBox[List["Gamma", "[", RowBox[List["n", "-", "k", "+", FractionBox["1", "2"]]], "]"]]]], ")"]], " ", SuperscriptBox[RowBox[List["Cos", "[", "\[CurlyTheta]", "]"]], RowBox[List["n", "-", RowBox[List["2", " ", "k"]]]]]]], RowBox[List[RowBox[List["k", "!"]], " ", RowBox[List["Gamma", "[", RowBox[List["n", "-", "m", "-", RowBox[List["2", " ", "k"]], "+", "1"]], "]"]]]]]]]]], "\[Pi]"], "/;", RowBox[List["0", "\[LessEqual]", "m", "\[LessEqual]", "n"]]]]]]]]










Date Added to functions.wolfram.com (modification date)





2001-10-29





© 1998- Wolfram Research, Inc.